Mexico passed a new anti-corruption law that offers some hope that the country will progress beyond its ineffective system of ad-hoc appointments of czars and agencies to address corruption.

Skeptics question, however, whether the law will result in real change for a country plagued by corruption and political corruption-related scandals. Existing anti-corruption laws are rarely enforced. Furthermore, the law doesn’t remove prosecutorial immunity for elected officials and violations of the law will only incur fines of up to roughly $6,600.

The passage of the law comes at a time when President Enrique Nieto’s administration is the subject of many corruption-related scandals. A recent local daily newspaper poll found that 60 percent of Mexicans believed that corruption has increased since Peña Nieto was elected in 2012.